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面向世界科技前沿,面向国家重大需求,面向国民经济主战场,率先实现科学技术跨越发展,率先建成国家创新人才高地,率先建成国家高水平科技智库,率先建设国际一流科研机构。

——九州体育banyuanfangzhen

九州体育 > 访谈·视点

王扬宗:科教兴国战略开启科技发展新时期

2021-08-26 中国科学报
【字体:

yuyinbobao

1995nian5yue29ri,benbaojiuzhoutiyuzhonggongzhongyang、guowuyuanshishi“kejiaoxingguozhanlve”debaodao。

  1995nian5yue6ri,zhonggongzhongyang、guowuyuanzuochu《jiuzhoutiyujiasukexuejishujinbudejueding》,tichukejiaoxingguozhanlve。5yue22ri,《renminribao》fabiaole《jueding》quanwen。5yue26rizhi30ri,zhonggongzhongyang、guowuyuanzaibeijingzhaokaiquanguokexuejishudahui,jiangzeminzongshujihelipengzonglifabiaozhongyaojianghua。zhengruxinhuashedangshidebaodaozhichu:“zheicidahuishiji1956niandangzhongyangfachu‘xiangkexuejinjun’deweidahaozhaobingzhidinglediyigezhangqidequanguokexuejishufazhanguihua,he1978niandangzhongyangzhaokaidequanguokexuedahuizhihouwoguokejifazhanshishangdeyicizhongyaohuiyi。zheicihuiyiduicujinwoguokeji、jingjiheshehuifazhanjiangchanshengzhongdayingxiang。”

  woguokejitizhixingchengyushangshijiwuliushiniandai,“wenge”qijianzaodaoyanzhongpohuai,70niandaimohuifufazhan。80niandaichu,woguokaiqikejitizhigaige,tongguogaigebokuanzhidu、fazhanjishushichang、kuodakeyanjigoudezizhuquandengyixiliecuoshi,yindaokejirenyuanmianxiangjingjijianshezhuzhanchang,fahuikexuejishuzaixiandaihuashiyezhongdeguanjianzuoyong,kexuejishudegaigekaifangfazhanqudelezhongdajinzhan。youyuwujiashangzhang,guojiaduiyukejishiyedetourubuzu,yechuxianlenaotidaogua、rencaiyanzhongliushi、kejihejiaoyuhuapodengxinwenti。

  dangshiwangdahengyuanshicengshuo:“jinyikejitourulaishuo,woguodetouruyuguominshengchanzongzhidebilishizaitaidile。gongyexianjinguojiadebiliyibandouchaoguo2%,jiushiyinduyeshiruci,erqieyoudeguojiayishangshengdao3%。erwoguoduonianlaishizhongzai1%yixia,erqiehaizaihuapo。woguokejibenlaijiuluohou,xianzaihaiyaoyingtouganshangfadaguojia。qiaofunanweiwumizhichui,qifeichirenshuomeng?daotoulaiwoguoshirencaiwailiu,youdeshiduonianxingchengdekexueyeji,duonianjileidekejijichuwuyiweiji,queyinjinzaiyinjin,quebuzhixiaohuachuangxin。”

  kejiaoxingguozhanlvedexingcheng,genzhiyuzhongguogongchandanglilaizhongshikejihejiaoyushiyedechuantong,shilishifazhandebiranxuanze。1956nian,dangzhongyangfachu“xiangkexuejinjun”dehaozhao。guowuyuanchenglikexueguihuaweiyuanhui,zuzhiquanguoyouxiukexuejiazhidingle12niankexuejishufazhanyuanjingguihua。zheigeguihuadeshishidiandinglexinzhongguokejitixidejichu,qudeleyi“liangdanyixing”weibiaozhideyidapizhongdakejichengguo。1963nianchu,zhouenlaizonglizaishanghaikexuejishuhuiyishangzhichu,kexuejishudexiandaihuashijiansheshehuizhuyiqiangguo、shixiansigexiandaihuadeguanjian。1978nianquanguokexuedahuishang,dengxiaopingtichu“kexuejishushishengchanli”“zhishifenzishigongrenjiejiyibufen”dengzhongyaolunduan,yinglai“kexuedechuntian”。cong“kexuejishushishengchanli”dao1988niandengxiaopingyoutichu“kexuejishushidiyishengchanli”,zheiyizhongyaosixiangzhidaole20shiji80niandaimianxiangjingjijianshedekejitizhigaige。

  shijizhijiao,renleijinrulexinxihuashidai,kejigemingbuduanshenhua,kejijingjilianxiriyijinmi,shijiekejijingzhengquyujilie。jiangzemin、lipeng、zhurongjidengdangzhongyang、guowuyuanzhuyaolingdaotongzhidadoushuyuligongkechushen,tamenshuxikejijiaoyugongzuo,shenzhiyaochongfenfahuikexuejishushidiyishengchanlidezuoyong,bixuhangshikejijichu,gaishankejigongzuodetiaojian。yijiangzemintongzhiweihexindedangdedisandaizhongyanglingdaojitijishiyanpanshijiekejifazhanqushiheguoneiguojijingjishehuifazhantaishi,zuochulekejiaoxingguodeweidazhanlvebushu。

  shijizhijiao,tongguoshishikejiaoxingguozhanlve,guojiazhubuzengjiakejihejiaoyutouru,tongguojiansheguojiachuangxintixi、jiansheshijieyiliudaxuedengzhongdajuece,yinlingwoguokejihejiaoyushiyejinruleqiansuoweiyoudegaosufazhandeguidao。shangshiji90niandaihouqizhijinde20duonian,shiwoguokexuejishuhejiaoyushiyefazhanzuihaodexinshiqi。kejiaoxingguozhanlvecujinlequanshehuigengjiazhongshikexuejishuhejiaoyudefengqi,jinyibutizhenlerenmindekexuejingshen,tishenglewoguorenmindekexuesuzhi。kejiaoxingguozhanlvedeshishijihuyuwangluoxinxihuashidaidedaolaitongbu,duituidongwoguoxinxihuachanyedefazhan、cujinshehuijingjifazhanherenminshenghuofangshidebiangedouqidaolezhongyaodecujinzuoyong。zongzhi,kejiaoxingguozhanlvekaiqilewoguokejishiyefazhandexinshiqi,kaichuanglewoguokejijiaoyugongzuodexinjumian,wei21shijiwoguokexuejishuhejiaoyugongzuodekuaisufazhandiandinglejichu。

  (zuozhe:wangyangzong,xi九州体育daxuerenwenxueyuanjiaoshou)

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